Michael A. Cremo (born July 15, 1948, Schenectady, New York), also known as Drutakarma dasa, is an American Hindu creationist whose work argues that modern humans have lived on the earth for billions of years. Cremo's work Forbidden Archaeology has attracted attention from Hindu creationists and paranormalists, but has been labeled as "pseudoscience" and "antievolutionism" by some representatives of the scientific community. Cremo has referred to himself as a "Vedic creationist."
Cremo's father, Salvatore, was a military intelligence officer. Michael Cremo went to high school in Germany and spent much of his summers travelling throughout Europe. He attended George Washington University from 1966 to 1968, then served in the United States Navy.
Cremo is a member of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness and the Bhaktivedanta Institute. He has written several books and articles about Hindu spirituality under the name Drutakarma Dasa. He has also been a contributing editor to the magazine Back to Godhead and a bhakti yoga teacher. Cremo told Contemporary Authors that he decided to devote his life to Krishna in the early 1970s, after receiving a copy of the Bhagavad Gita at a Grateful Dead concert. Over the years he professed adherence to traditional views with reference to both Western and Indian philosophical systems. Michel Cremo (initiated name Drutakarma Dasa) was criticized by Communist sources of India due to close links with Hindu right wing nationalism along with David Frawley. He has met with Murli Manohar Joshi to discuss the Dwarka marine archaeology attempt to date "an alleged sunken ancient city" with evidence found off the Gujarat coast. In the end of 1990s he headed an organized campaign from all sections of ISKCON to root out heretical views on disciplic succession called 'ritvkism', "once and for all and for good"  and authored a paper on the official ISKCON statement on capital punishment. His work on Puranic Time and the Archaeological Record was published in the ISKCON Communications Journal.
In 1993 Cremo co-wrote Forbidden Archeology with Richard Thompson. The book claims that humans have lived on the earth for millions, or billions, of years, and that the scientific establishment has suppressed the fossil evidence for extreme human antiquity. He speaks about a knowledge filter (confirmation bias) as the reason for this suppression. Cremo continues this theme in Forbidden Archeology's Impact (1998) and Human Devolution (2003). Cremo considers himself a "Vedic archeologist", since he believes his findings support the story of humanity described in the Vedas. The Indian magazine Frontline called Cremo and Thompson "the intellectual force driving Vedic creationism"
Cremo's work has attracted attention from Hindu creationists and paranormalists, and he has been a frequent guest on the late-night talk radio show Coast to Coast AM, which specialises in the paranormal and conspiracy theories. His books provided much of the content for the widely criticized 1996 NBC special The Mysterious Origins of Man.
Forbidden Archeology has been criticized for failing to test simpler hypotheses before proceeding to propose more complex ones (a violation of Occam's razor) and for relying heavily on outdated evidence (often from the 19th and early 20th century). Tom Morrow of the National Center for Science Education noted that Cremo's "specimens no longer exist" and dubbed the work pseudoscience.
His book Human Devolution, which like Forbidden Archeology claims that modern man has existed for millions of years, attempts to prove this by citing "every possible research into the paranormal ever conducted anywhere to "prove" the truth of holist Vedic cosmology which proposes the presence of a spiritual clement in all matter (which takes different forms, thereby explaining the theory of "devolution")."
In recent years he has organized a number of conferences where representatives of Krishnology and ISKCON associated academics exchanged views and experiences. In March 2009, Cremo appeared in a History Channel television series called Ancient Aliens.[20
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